The Material of the Conference „The Lithuanian philology in Museums: FACTS, CONCEPTIONS, PROCESSES“
THE TREASURE OF ŠANČIAI
AND IT’S NUMISMATIC RESEARCH PROBLEM
Čiurlionis National Museum of Art
1933 the numismatic treasure of 14th c. was found in Šančiai, Kaunas ditrict. Different sources mention that there were from 81 to
90 Lithuanian coins of PECHAT type, Moldavian coins, several silver-ingots and bracelets in it. The author describes the history of lost and
stolen coins and corrects the mistakes of other sources. This article is the first comprehensive publication of
COLLECTION OF M. TIŠKEVIČIUS (1828-1897): THE SECRET OF THE MIRROR OF 1697
M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art
The researcher of significant European nobles Tiškevičius (Tyszkiewicz) heritage reveals the fascinating history of an art
piece from M. Tiškevičius collection. Stored at museum since 1918 the mirror primarily was donated to the King of Poland and Grand Duke of
Lithuania Augustus II, then belonged to his son King Augustus III. Purchased by M. Tiškevičius in the middle of 19th c. this mirror was used
by Russian tsar Alexander II. All these personages are connected by passion for hunting. The canvas of artist A. Žametas with painted mirror
gave the first inspiration of its’ provenance discovery.
INSIGNIA OF VILNIUS MILITARY SCHOOL (1864-1917)
Lithuanian Bank Museum
Vilnius Military School was founded on 29 October, 1864. During WWI, as the Germans approached
Vilnius, the Military School was evacuated in 1915. The School had insignia of two types. The School’s trainees, cadets wore round jettons and
the graduates were handed insignia in the form of a cross.
The insignia of a cadet was established in 1910. It was to be worn on a chain on the left side of the chest. The insignia
was silver, enamel plated. The graduation insignia was approved on 27 February 1915. These insignia were silver and bronze. Insignia used to
be ordered in workshops.
When a provisional Government took power in Russia in 1917, new insignia bearing no monograms of the emperors Alexander II
and Nikolai II were produced. Officers Lithuanians also wore the insignia of the graduate of Vilnius Military School in independent Lithuania
between 1918 and 1940.
JONAS KATELĖ (1831-1908): THE GREAT EDUCATOR OF AUKŠTAITIJA REGION
Kupiškis Ethnographical Museum
The article deals about famous priest and educator of Aukštaitija region during the period of banned Lithuanian press
(1864-1904). The history of his life is told and the activity described. He was a founder of secret schools net for teaching province people
to read and to write Lithuanian.
PICTURES AND SIGNATURES OF DRUG-STORIES IN LITHUANIA (1918-1940)
Bagdonienė, Vilma Gudienė
Museum of the History of Lithuania Medicine and Pharmacy
medicine history professionals present a collection of signatures – drug notes printed or written by doctor. The collection consists of 650
items and varies from standard to unique signatures. The most popular motives – serpent arround the cup, plants, animals, and books. The
modern style prevails.
Lithuanian Open Air Museum
Goods brought into or taken out of a country illegally is called contraband. In Lithuania the history of
contraband had two sides: dark and light (book spreaders). Contrabandists brought fabrics, clothes, cigarettes, tobacco, matches, tea, sugar,
rum, alcohol, denatured alcohol, cognac, wine and „anodia“ into Lithuania from Germany. „Anodia“ is a sedative mixture of ether and alcohol.
The article tells how „anodia“ was drunk and eaten in the beginning of the 20th century in Western Lithuania. In the Open Air Museum there are
three exhibits that have a connection with „anodia“. These canisters for bringing ether were found at Upyna (Šilalė
district). After the WWII the tradition to drink „anodia“ still survived.
COLLECTIONS OF PROF. P. AVIŽONIS AND DR. J. STAUGAITIS
Asta Lignugarienė, Rolandas Minevičius
Museum of the History of Lithuania Medicine and Pharmacy Summary
The article deals with the collections of two prominent Lithuanian medicine figures. Their
activities coincided with the period of independent Lithuania Republic 1918–1940. There are instruments, medicine terminology and thematic
books in their collections. Documental and iconographical material is useful for researchers of higher education history, various societies of
inter-war Kaunas as well.
LEOKADIJA BELVERTAITĖ (1904-1992): IDENTIFICATION OF NATIONAL CONCEPT IN SOVIET TIMES
M. K. Čiurlioniis National Museum of Art
The article deals with the collection of prominent Lithuanian small-figure sculptor L. Belvertaitė and its’ significance. Her
figurines with Lithuanian folk clothes representing the best national traditions reveal the dramatic situation of convivence of artists and
Soviet ideology and look for national identity. The creation of L. Belvertaitė widened the area of Lithuanian decorative ceramics and promoted
the national identity concept during Soviet regime.
THE SACRAL ARCHITECTURE PROJECTS OF V. K. JONYNAS IN LITHUANIAN
Vaida Sirvydaitė Rakutienė
M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art
The article presents four sacral architecture projects created by V. K. Jonynas in USA though the artist is known the best in
Lithuania by his graphic works. According to the literature, sources and archival iconographic material that was returned from USA to
Lithuania after its Independence declaration, in 1956-1976 V. K. Jonynas created 7 sacral architecture projects and 3 of them were realised.
The biggest part of these projects are being preserved in Lithuanian Art Museum (Vilnius) and in V. K. Jonynas gallery (Druskininkai). The
projects of St. Ann‘s Chapel in St. Casimir Cemetery (Amsterdam, New York), Franciscan Fathers‘ Monastery Chapel (Green, Maine), R. C.
Lithuanian Church (Mississauga, Ontario) and Sts. Peter and Paul Church (Tamaqua, Pennsylvania) are chosen for this article because they are
the examples of Lithuanianism abroad.
Maironis Lithuanian Literature Museum
The founding of Lithuanistic museums in USA started at the very end of 19th c. They were based mainly on the
private collections. The most famous collectors were dr. A. Račkus and priest P. M. Juras. Also Lithuanian catholic societies, such as
franciscans, marians, jesuits made great influence on the formation of Lithuanian culture institutions in USA. The main institution founded in
1982 is Lithuanistic Research and Studies Centre in Springfield (Il) with 13 branches – archives, institutes, library, gallery and museums.
The Scientific Research of The Lithuanian Museums' Collections
M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art
The theme of article is based on the theoretical preparation for the exhibition where
„beautiful“ items would be exposed. These are the pictures with swans in the lakes, nice ladies, children with butterflies, etc. The author
raises the question about the essence of the beauty and makes the conclusion that these „beautiful“ exhibits have no aesthetic background. The
satisfaction of middle viewers in this case has a lot of common with wish of happiness, peace and safety. Also the conception of „kitsch“ is
Vilna Gaon Jewish State museum
The Lithuanian Jewish State museum (Vilna Gaon Jewish State museum) was established in 1989. His
collection was based ON the collection of Vilnius Jewish museum of 1944-1949. After the museum was closed in 1949 all his collections were
delivered among the main Lithuanian museums, and when our museum was opened the collections were returned back to us. The book collection of
our museum was gathered by us buying some books from private persons, in curiosity shops and so on.
According to the books we can look for the history of Jewish printing houses in Vilnius and make
solutions about the influence of the books to the cultural life of Jews in Russia, Poland and also their influence to the development of
poligraphy industry and book culture of Lithuania, of course.
LIBRARY OF ROKIŠKIS REGIONAL MUSEUM
Rokiškis Regional Museum
The author presents the most valuable Lithuanian books of the museum library. They came from various
noble states and private collections. The oldest book „Postilė“ by J. Bretkūnas, 1591 was gained from P. Gasiūnas’ collection. After WWII the
books from counts’ Weisenhoff, Romer states formed a part of library, too. There is a section of Lithuanian periodicals from banned period and
Tragic generation: POET Eugenijus
Pasvalys Regional Museum / E. ir L. Matuzevičius House – Museum
of museum describes the exposition of the museum of two poets brothers Matuzevičius. The place of E. Matuzevičius life, activity and creation
is indicated. From very young days till the old ones he remained active and creative person and participated in the literature movement
„Šatrija“ that caused the formation of poets the creation of which is characteristic for emphasis on Lithuanian land.
III. Issues and events
VLADAS PUTVINSKIS’ EPISTOLARY HERITAGE WAS PUBLISHED
Šiauliai "Aušra" Museum
The recent publication "Letters written by Vladas Putvinskis-Pūtvis",
published by Šiauliai "Aušra" Museum and the Union of the Home Guards of Lithuania (Lietuvos šaulių sąjunga) is presented
here to the museum specialists and scientific society. The epistolary heritage of V. Putvinskis, the founder of the Union of the Home Guards
of Lithuania, includes 1892-1929. It is stored in "Aušra"
museum. Two aspects of this publication are analysed in the paper: a)
significance of the epistolary heritage and its author V. Putvinskis’ personality to historic Lithuanian studies; b) principles of preparing
materials for publishing.
ISSUES OF BANNED LITHUANIAN PRESS (1864-1904) AND UNDERGROUND
Šiauliai „Aušra“ museum
The CD of
museum about above mentioned issues is presented. The museum collection consists of periodicals, the first Lithuanian ones included (“Aušra”,
“Varpas”), magazines, and books. The geography of publication places is rather wide: Lithuania, Little Lithuania, Russia, USA. The underground
press of nazzi and soviet ocupation times is described , too.
M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art,
Vytautas Magnus University
The word „welnuwos“ first mentioned in 1547 means the demonish spirits and are of the same root as Lithuanian „velnias“
(devil). The series of art events is organized as experiment at the unique Museum of Devils and is devoted to young
adults. During these events that are held on the 13th day of month an original program is offered. It is based on dark wave music,
drama, performance, and exhibitions. The author describes the first evening of February 13th where gothic music and dramic
performance of Lithuanian folk-tales about devil were presented.