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Museums in the Strategy of Development of Cultural Tourism
The State Department of Tourism

It was suggested, that, when Lithuania becomes a member of European Union, big, complex projects of preservation and employment of Lithuanian cultural heritage to be held, financed from the EU structural funds. Priority-projects would be oriented onto development of the activities of the museums, and, also, would stimulate private business and the growth of employment, would disseminate tourist information, would attract more tourists, would develop understanding of the importance of preservation and opportunities of employment of the natural and cultural values. 

Do We Recognize Our Visitor?
Sociological Researches of Museum Visitors 
Lithuanian Art Museum

The author of the article compares experience of the sociological research of the Lithuanian museum visitors, and that of the Western Europe. 
This type of research was started in Lithuanian in the last decade of XX-th century. The most detailed research is done about the exhibition: “Christianity in Lithuanian Art” in Lithuanian Art Museum (open from December 1999 until the end of 2003). The subjects of research were sexes of visitors, occupations of visitors (school children, students, and pensioners), how often they come to the museums, what they did recall from the expositions, how do they evaluate exhibitions. The rest of the research-material collected at the other expositions about visitors was limited: that was only the data about the number of visitors that museum needs for accountancy.

Museums in the Labyrinths of the Internet Information

Manager of the Internet-Portal “Lithuanian Museums”

Internet-portal “Lithuanian Museums” informs about all Lithuanian museums in Lithuanian, English, German and French languages (http://www.muziejai.lt).
Several museums have their web-sites separately from this portal even when they lack the experience of the web-administration of these sites. 
Three of the presented at the competition web-sites were nominated in the category “The Art, Photography, Literature, Cinema and the other Cultural Phenomena” at the 8-th, traditional Lithuanian Championship of the Best Web-Sites, held in the beginning of the year 2003. Those were: informational web-site of The Kaišiadorys Museum http://www.kaisiadoriumuziejus.lt, Internet-portal “Lithuanian museums” http://www.muziejai.lt,  and informational web-site of The Museum of The Samogitian Diocese http://www.varniai-museum.lt


The Palace of Grand Dukes: the Future Gate of Lithuanian Tourism
Romualdas BUDRYS
Lithuanian Art Museum

The Palace of Grand Dukes of Lithuanian Grand Duchy was completely destroyed in XIX-th century. Now, rebuilding of the Palace has begun. The program of recreation of interiors of The Palace of Grand Dukes and adaptation of those for the representational, museological, and educational purposes has begun in Lithuanian Art Museum, in 2002, on the instruction of the Minister of Culture Mrs. Roma Žakaitienė.
The outline (second edition) of the program was presented in March 12, 2003. 
The outline of the program concretely defines the purpose of the spaces of the Palace, it gives the functional scheme of the spaces, solves the questions of the optimal ways of reception of the visitors, defines the itineraries of the streams of visitors, foresees the forms of organization and implementation of representational events, special, educational and cultural programs. 
Lithuanian Art Museum arranged the Hall of Projects of the Palace of Grand Dukes in Vilnius Art Gallery, representing involutes of the frontages, plans of spaces of every floor of the Palace, the itineraries of the streams of visitors, computer-visual reconstruction, new model of the Palace.

Ways to the Structural Funds of the European Union
Lithuanian Sea Museum

There is a project to create the center of the sea entertainment, the recreationt and health in one complex with the Lithuanian Sea Museum. 3-4 swimming pools of different sizes and depths will be built, also, basins for the dolphins, dolphin-therapy, healing-spaces, children training classes, café, restaurants, shops, hotels, children games and entertainment squares, beaches and the other infrastructure in the square of 130 000 sq.m. as well. The preliminary budget of this project is over 20 mln. EUR; the financial support is expected from the EU Structural funds.

EU Financial Support for cultural Projects: 
New Competition-Program “Culture 2000: What is this?”
The Center of the European Cultural Programs

European Parliament and European Council initiated the program “Culture 2000” in February 14-th, 2000. The purpose of this program is to give a support cultural projects, to cherish the joint cultural space of European nations. This program supports cooperation between artists, cultural operators, private and governmental cultural organizations, cultural networks and other partners, also, cooperation between the cultural institutions of EU member states and cultural institutions of the other countries, participating in the program. 
The priority of the support-program in year 2004 will be the cultural heritage. The special attention will be dedicated to the cooperative projects with participation of the cultural operators of EU and European Economic Zone, the cultural operators of candidate-countries.
Important part of the cultural heritage is museum’s heritage; that’s, why the center of European programs encourages and invites museologists and the other cultural operators to initiate projects or to become co-organizers of the other projects and to use the opportunities of the financial support from the program “Culture 2000”. 


Marketing the Cooperation of the Tourism Enterprises and the Museums. 
The Cooperation of the Tourism Enterprises and the Museums in The Marketing 
Lithuanian Tourism Exchange

Tourism companies and tour-organizers can organize attractive trips in partnership with the museums. The author of the article analyses several aspects of the marketing of tourism, mutually productive aspects of co-operation between museums and tourist-service providing companies. Museologists are interested in representation of the expositions to the number of visitors, in spreading the information within the society. Museums and tourist-service companies in cooperation could achieve the better progress. Museums could cooperate with neighboring cafes, shops in publishing of the booklets, catalogues, to participate with their materials and goods in the tourist-fairs, to include visits to the museums into the programs of acknowledgement tours organized by the local tourist companies for journalists and business-partners.

Tourist Informational Centers in Land Museums. 
Experience of the Museum of Šilutė


There are about 30 tourism-informational centers working in the land-museums of Lithuania. Open Society Fund financed the project to create “Cultural and Tourism Informational Center” in The Museum of Šilutė, including the web-site of the center. The Center gives cultural, historical and tourist information gives opportunities to order the guided tours in the town and the region, to buy the publications of the museum. Tourists are aloud to use the funds of the library, periodicals and historical materials. This is useful for the museum in terms of the economy. 

Forms of Museum-Work in National and Regional Parks. 
Experience of The Panemuniai Regional Park
Panemuniai Regional Park 

Panemuniai Regional Park works in cooperation with scientists and museologists. It’s activities consist of the Lower River Nemunas preservation, reviving of the castles, the manor houses, and the former settlements of ancient people, etc. The staff of the Park is  organizing the exhibitions about the Lithuanian nature, flora and fauna, as well as educational programs.


M. K. Čiurlionis Gallery – One of the Modern Museums in Lithuania 
M. K. Čiurlionis National Art Museum, Division of M.K.Čiurlionis

The gallery of M.K.Čiurlionis was open after reconstruction. There are 113 paintings of the most famous Lithuanian painter and composer of the beginning of the XX-th century exposed here. There were new systems of preservation, conditioning, lighting security equipped for very sensitive paintings, tempera, pastels; the acoustic of the Music Hall was improved.

Impressive Exhibition of Shells in the Sea Museum
Lithuanian Sea Museum

A part of the constant exposition of Lithuanian Sea Museum “Variety of Shells of Mollusks” is renovated in Lithuanian Sea Museum. There are 1230 examples of shells exposed (504 sorts). Totally, the museum has 23 000 exhibits; that is the one of the best collections in Europe in terms of variety of the sorts of the shells and their scientific identification.
The concept of the exhibition is the classic one; the shells are grouped according to the scientific classification, so, that visitors could get acknowledged to the places in the oceans the shells were found, the Latin names of mollusks, names of those in Lithuanian and English. 
Shells that were given Lithuanian names are exposed separately. Those are holotips, rare sorts, very little known by the scientists, examples, for the first time described and preserved in the Lithuanian Sea Museum.

Findings of Medieval Graveyard in Kernavė Museum’s Exposition
Archeological and Historical Museum of the Kernavė State Cultural Reservation

The collection of the findings from the research and excavation done by dr. Gintautas Vėlius during the number of years at the old Kernavė Kriveikiškis grave-places (XIII-XIV centuries) is exposed for the first time at Kernavė Museum. The excavated cerements show, that the community of pagans and christians, tribes of Lithuanians, jotvingiai, slavic tribes used to live here, that the inhabitants of the town have had trade relations with the Western Europe, Kiev’s Russia and the Near East. 
The most valuable exhibits here are the ten plates of silver, few of them covered with gold, decorated with herbal motives or a glass; plates were used to decorate the hats. 

The History and Culture of Manors of Rokiškis’ Suburbs – In the Palace of Tiesenhaus – Przezdzecki
Manager of the Division of History, Rokiškis Land Museum

The exhibition “The History and Culture of the Manors of Rokiškis’ Suburbs” was open in Rokiškis Land Museum, in 7 newly-restored halls. The authentic interiors are recreated in two of the halls to expose personal items of counts Tiesenhaus-Przezdzecki: family’s silver, hunting-troves (horns), collections of clothing, Reynolds’ Tiesenhaus’ saddle and bridle – a masterpieces of jeweler’s work.  
There are works from XVIII-XIX centuries by French, Italian and Lithuanian painters, furniture of ampere, neobaroque, neorococo, bydermeyer styles, candle-stics, vases exposed in the five other halls. Especially valuable is the collection of works of graphics: works by Ch.Del Agne, P.Parboni, and A.W.Reynolds.

New Gallery in Vilnius
Institute of Culture, Art and Philosophy

The gallery “Židinys” of Lithuanian exile artists Anastazija and Antanas Tamošaitis was open this year in Vilnius. Antanas Tamošaitis is named a Patriarch of the Lithuanian textile; he is, also, the initiator of the researche of the folk-costume.
There are paintings and graphic-works by Antanas Tamošaitis displayed in the gallery; tapestries, carpets and paintings by Anastazija Tamošaitienė (1910-1991). A.Tamošaitis’ collections of the folk-art from pre-WWII period are exposed in the gallery. Especially valuable is the part of the collection of fabrics from the XVIII – XIX centuries: bedspreads, towels, tablecloths and clothing (aprons, skirts, shirts, waistcoats, shawls), even completed sets of clothing. The items collected by A.Tamošaitis at the time, when the fashion to wear a folk-costume just disappeared and the clothing were used by the owner very short time ago. 

Renovation of the Exposition of V. K. Jonynas in Druskininkai

The renovation of the exposition in the gallery in Druskininkai is dedicated to 95-th anniversary of painter, Prof. Vytautas Kazimieras Jonynas. There are his works from European period exposed from the period of studies in Paris 1931-1935 and period of emigration in Germany in 1944-1951, the wood-carvings, book-illustrations, drawings, litographies.
For the first time, there are illustrations for W.Shakespeares “Hamlet” exposed; illustrations for O.Milosz's “Miguel Manjara (the books were not published yet), illustrations for J.W.Goethe’s “The Siege of Mainz”, the drawings of Nice, Freiburgh, Vilifranco, Monte Carlo, and the other landscape-drawings and the lithographs of Meinz displayed.

Frontier-Guards’ Museum Invites Visitors
Director of the Frontier-Guards’ Museum

The Frontier-Guards’ Museum was open at the State Frontier-Guard Service’s Headquarters in 2002. The Museum collects and exposes exhibits from the pre-WWII and the contemporary Lithuania, personal items and documents belonged to the frontier-guard Gintaras Žagunis, who was killed in 1991 after the regain of the Lithuanian independence. There are, also, collections of the Lithuanian frontier-guard’s costumes, attributes of the costumes of the frontier-guards, donated by the foreign partners. 


The Jubilee of King Mindaugas Crown and the Seventh Renovation of the Exposition “Christianity in the Lithuanian Art”
Lithuanian Art Museum, Vilnius University

The exposition, open from December 1999 in the Museum of Applied Art was renovated for the last 7-th time. This time, there were facsimiles of the values of Lithuanistics from Western and Central Europe’s cultural heritage organizations presented here. The main accents of this renovation were Lithuanian King Mindaugas’ letter of donation with the only remaining stamp of majestic style, preserved in the Secret Prussian State Archive in Berlin, and the Tiara of the Roman Catholic Pope Pius the XI-th from the Treasury of Vatican.

Certificates of the Lithuanian Statehood from the Russian Depositories. Exhibition “Lithuanian Grand Duchy and Russia in XIV-XVIII centuries” 
Žygintas BUČYS
Lithuanian National Museum

Exhibition “Lithuanian Grand Duchy and Russia in XIV-XVIII centuries” was open in Lithuanian National Museum, representing the Lithuanistics preserved in Russian museums and archives. The most unique exhibits are: Lithuanian-Russian Treaties, two copies of the first books printed by P.Skorina in Lithuania in XVI-th century, donations of Lithuanian diplomats to Russian Tsars of XVII  century, and four books of Lithuanian Metrika from the Lithuanian Grand Duchy’s Office Archive, for the first time after 200 years returned to Lithuania.
Portraits of the Historical Personalities in the Exhibition 

Portraits of the Historical Personalities in the Exhibition“Creators of the Lithuanian State” (XVI-XX-th centuries)
Lithuanian Art Museum

The international exhibition “Creators of the Lithuanian State (XVI-XX-th centuries)” is a project of The Lithuanian Art Museum, dedicated to the jubilee of the Lithuanian State, 750-th anniversary of the crown of king Mindaugas. There are portraits of the persons who did create Lithuanian state, persons, distinguished in military and diplomatic activities, who stimulated development of the development of the culture, art and economy, the portraits of the exhibition depicts the context of the development of the Lithuanian State. 
For the first time in the history of Lithuanian museology the exhibition is held in two museums: in Vilnius Art Gallery (portraits from XVI-XX-th centuries) and in Radvila Palace (portraits from the beginning of the XX-th century); total number of portraits displayed at the exhibition is 500.

Exhibition of Works of the Royal European Masters in M.Žilinskas Gallery.
Exhibition in Exposition – A Step of the Future in Lithuanian Museology
M.K.Čiurlionis National Art Museum

On the occasion of the 750-th jubilee of the king Mindaugas crown, the exhibition “Under the Sign of the Crown” from the collections of M.K.Čiurlionis Art Museum is held. Exposition displays the works of Royal painters who did creative work for European kings and Roman Catholic Popes; also, works of the Royal Porcelain Manufactories.
The sign of the crown appears with the works of art; biographies of the masters, annotations of the works of art given at the exhibition. 
Visitors could also compare the works of Royal masters and the works of the ordinary masters displayed here as a context of the exposition.

Hungarian Modern Ceramics in Kaunas
National M.K.Čiurlionis Art Museum

The exposition of Hungarian Modern ceramics from XIX-XX centuries is held in M.K.Čiurlionis Art Museum. There are 83 works of ceramics from Zsolnay Ceramics Enterprise and the sketches from Janus Pannonius (Hungary) collections.

Regalia of the Lithuanian Mayors in Trakai
Trakai Historical Museum

Exhibition “Regalia of the Lithuanian Mayors” was open in Trakai Historical Museum in May 16-th, 2003. There are regalia of 30 mayors of 60 Lithuanian towns and municipalities exposed here for the fist time in Lithuania: chains and signs, signs of the members of the councils of the towns, signs of the honorary citizens.


Notes of the Participant of the Expedition “The Way of Rafter from Kaunas to Rusnė"
Lithuanian Sea Museum, Division of the History of Navigation

Lithuanian sea Museum has organized the international expedition “The Way of Rafter from Kaunas to Rusnė” of the ethno-cultural project “The Return of the Sailboat” in May 29-June 11-th, 2003. The purpose of the project is to develop the knowledge of the fisherman’s culture of Curonian lagoon’s region, to popularize this cultural heritage and to complement it with the scientific research. The participants of the expedition were Lithuanian museum specialists and the restorers of the sailboats from Germany and Poland. They went down the Nemunas-river by the restored ancient sailboats and a fishboat, making sops at the bigger towns to expose the exhibition of the movable exposition about the sailboats, to communicate with fisherman, to watch the relicts of the river-sailboats.

Educational Activities in Literary Museums
A.Pushkin Literary Museum

The International Conference, dedicated to the analysis of educational activities in the literary museums, was held in June 5-7-th, 2003, in A.Pushkin’s Museum. There were specialists from Lithuanian memorial museums participating at the conference and, also, guests from Moscow (Russia) and Tallinn (Estonia). There was the museum’s educational project “My Alexander Pushkin” presented at the conference – the sculpturing competition for school children based on the motives of the literary works by and the biography of A.Pushkin.

The Day of the Living History at The Žaliūkai Wind-Mill
Teacher, Šiauliai Dainų Secondary School

Šiauliai Museum “Aušra” has organized the Day of the Living History for the fourth time for school children of the Šiauliai town and region. The school children were trained the old crafts at this Day: potter’s, clerk’s, coin maker’s, mangler’s, ironing with coal smoothing-iron, butter maker’s, rope-maker’s, pillow-maker’s etc skills.

Within the Scope of Museum Education – Modern and Contemporary Art
Sculpture Museum of the Center of Europe

“Europos Parkas” has held an international conference “Within the Scope of Museum Education – Modern and Contemporary Art” in May 29-30-th, 2003, to exchange experiences of educational strategies representing contemporary art between Danish, Finnish, Great Britain’s, Swedish and Lithuanian museum specialists.


The History of Lithuanian Tourism in the Tourist-Marks
Lithuanian National Museum, Department of Numismatic

The author of the article reviews the history of the production of the tourist-marks in Lithuania. The production of those was started in the Soviet period for tourist organizations and on occasion of tourist events as well. Before 1991, there were 200 marks made; also, about 50 medals and reward-sets, produced in the country. Lithuanian national museum’s Department of Numismatic preserves about 230 Lithuanian tourist- marks.

Exhibit as the Communicational Artifact. 
The Sixth Conference of Lithuanian museologists

Chairman of the Section of the Scientific Research of Collections, Lithuanian Museum Association

The Sixth Conference of the Lithuanian Museum Association “Exhibit as the Communicational Artifact” was held in the Šiauliai Museum “Aušra” in May 6-th, 2003. Participants of the conference discussed the use of the exhibits as the main disseminators of the information in museums, expositions and educational programs.


"The Return of “Madonna of Šiluva”: Research and Restoration
Lithuanian Art Museum, P.Gudynas Restoration Centre of Museum Treasures

Lithuanian Art Museum, P.Gudynas Restoration Centre of Museum Treasures has restored the painting from the altar of the Basilica of the Birth of the Virgin Maria “Madonna with the Child”. Šiluva is the one of five places in Europe where the appearance of the Virgin Maria is officially recognized by the Catholic Church; the painting by unknown Lithuanian master of XVII century is considered as a miraculous one and is rewarded a Papal Crown. The restorers of the center removed non-professional re-paintings and returned the painting it’s original image.


Cultural Tourism in the Horizon of the World Community 
Chairperson, ICOM-Lithuania

ICOM, conscious of the contemporary world culture dynamics and the discussion about cultural tourism and the museum role, has taken the initiative to convene a Workshop on Museums, Heritage and Cultural Tourism.
The Workshop was organised by the ICOM Secretariat, in collaboration with the National Committees of Peru and Bolivia. It was held in Trujillo, Peru and in La Paz, Bolivia, from 21 to 27 May 2000. 
The Participants in the workshop discussed plans and policies in order to develop detailed goals and strategies that will enable the correct use, the appropriate interpretation and management of cultural heritage in the context of its preservation and conservation for future generations, and the respect and involvement of local communities. 
The participants drew up a Proposal for a Charter of Principles for Museums and Cultural Tourism that offers guidance and gives a conceptual basis for ethical professional practice. It outlines the required strategies and the aims and objectives that would ensure that cultural heritage (including museum collections) is enjoyed, interpreted and managed in a way that favours its preservation and respect for future generations. The participants based their work essentially on the ICOM Code of Professional Ethics, bearing in mind the mission of museums as non-profit making institutions in the service of society and society's development and the ICOMOS International Cultural Tourism Charter.

Conference of Numismatists in Saint-Petersburg
Lithuanian National Museum, Department of Numismatics

There are the most interesting reports from the Conference of Numismatists in Saint Petersburg of April 14-20, 2003, presented in the article. There were, also, discussions about the falsifications of the ancient coins, which is actual for Lithuanian numismatists, also, because nowadays there were professionally falsified coins of Lithuanian Grand Duchy found; the falsified Russian coins also appear in the Lithuanian market.

© Lietuvos muziejų asociacija
© Lietuvos dailės muziejus
  Tinklalapis atnaujintas 2010.07.16